journeyed from place to place, teaching and converting hundreds of followers
and died at the age of eighty. However, his many disciples continued
spreading his teachings. At the same time Buddhism splitted into two
main schools of thought: Hinayana and Mahayana . The Followers
of Hinayana do not worship idols of Buddha as the enlightened prince
taught against idolatory. Very few other Nepalese Buddhists have adopted
the Hinayana school of thought, choosing rather to follow Mahayana teachings.
One of the central beliefs of Mahayanists is that one can achieve nirvana
by following the example of Bodhisattvas, Bodhi meaning enlightenment
and Sattva meaning essence.
This is a pretty horrible article. The author is trying to simplify Hinduism for Western CNN readers who deserve better. There is no nuance and subtlety and she doesn't talk about major concepts that would help those unfamiliar to get a more rooted knowledge. For example, could the author possibly mention the symbolism of the bindi or "red forehead dot" representing the "third eye" or "inner guru" then just relegating it as only a fashion statement? Also, the male and female aspects of divinity (God and Goddess) are worshipped equally. Caste was originally conceived for people to make the most of their God given talents (a proper distribution of the workforce) not a birthright.
Hindus view Vedas , Gita , and other texts from the Shastra as canonical scriptures, instead of the Akilam . The Ayyavazhi believe that the Hindu scriptures were once canonical, but now have lost their Substance because of the advent of Akilam. Kaliyan bought the Vedas as a Boon and so all the previous religious books including Agamas and Puranas lost their Substances, leaving Akilattirattu Ammanai as the only book of perfection. Several dubious claims state that the present day Vedas are not accepted by Ayyavazhi as books of Perfection, because there is a quote in Akilam about Venneesan "Avan pilathaal vedamondruntakki" (He created a Veda of his own intention). All previous religious texts have lost their Substance in the vision of Ayyavazhi at the very moment Kaliyan came to the world.