The value-premises upholding academic research have been maintained by what Lyotard considers to be quasi-mythological beliefs about human purpose, human reason, and human progress—large, background constructs he calls " metanarratives ". These metanarratives still remain in Western society but are now being undermined by rapid Informatization and the commercialization of the university and its functions. The shift of authority from the presence and intuition of knowers—from the good faith of reason to seek diverse knowledge integrated for human benefit or truth fidelity—to the automated database and the market had, in Lyotard's view, the power to unravel the very idea of "justification" or "legitimation" and, with it, the rationale for research altogether, especially in disciplines pertaining to human life, society, and meaning. We are now controlled not by binding extra-linguistic value paradigms defining notions of collective identity and ultimate purpose, but rather by our automatic responses to different species of "language games" (a concept Lyotard imports from J. L. Austin 's theory of speech acts ). In his vision of a solution to this "vertigo", Lyotard opposes the assumptions of universality , consensus, and generality that he identified within the thought of humanistic, Neo-Kantian philosophers like Jürgen Habermas , and proposes a continuation of experimentation and diversity to be assessed pragmatically in the context of language games rather than via appeal to a resurrected series of transcendentals and metaphysical unities.
i totally agree the fees should not of increased as it was not my fault or most of the students of Englands fault. I never got us into this mess so why should i suffer the consequences as that's highly goverment said they want more people to work however the rise contradicts this as many people can now not get the qualifactions to get the job's to pay off debts , get a mortgage or even buy a house. In all fairness the least they could do is offer courses that offer the same qualifications as uni's do but cheaper. I also wrote to my local mp in september/october and it is now december and have not heard anything back maybe one day this goverment will eventually listem to the next generation of England and then more people will be happy as we will then be listened to and have something done to make everybody happy .